Some of the most deprived areas in a Welsh city have been hit hardest by the coronavirus pandemic.
Figures show that some of the areas of Newport with the most deprived housing, and lack of outdoor space, have been hit hard.
Of Newport’s 10 most deprived areas, seven rank among the wards with the highest rate of coronavirus infections in the city.
Additionally, when looking at the wards in Newport hardest hit by the coronavirus pandemic in terms of infection rates, a high proportion rank among the most deprived areas in Wales.
Out of the 23 areas with the highest rate of infections per 100,000 people in Newport, 10 fall within the top 10% of Wales’ most deprived areas according to the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation.
What is the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation?
A list of the most deprived places in Wales were released in official Welsh Government statistics in 2019.
Released every five years, the Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) and looks at income levels, the health of residents, education levels, housing quality and access to services.
The WIMD looks at income levels, the health of residents, education levels, housing quality and access to services.
It identifies areas with the highest concentrations of several different types of deprivation. It ranks all small areas in Wales from 1 (most deprived) to 1,909 (least deprived).
This map shows the number of cases in each council ward in Newport since the start of the pandemic:
Coronavirus data is available for the various council wards of Newport, such as Ringland, Bettws and Caerleon, but not for these smaller areas, known as ‘Lower Layer Super Output Areas’ (LSOAs).
The most deprived areas in Newport according to the 2019 data are listed below. Those which feature among the top 10 areas in the city, in terms of case rates, feature an asterix:
- Pillgwenlly 1 * – (10th most deprived in Wales)
- Pillgwenlly 2 * – (21st)
- Tredegar Park 2 – (39th)
- Bettws 1 * – (47th)
- Ringland 5 * – (69th)
- Alway 2 – (72nd)
- Bettws 3 * – (77th)
- Malpas 2 – (79th)
- Pillgwenlly 3 * – (88th)
- Ringland 4 * – (102nd)
Since the start of the pandemic, these are the number of cases per 100,000 people recorded in each of the wider areas that include the 10 most deprived:
- Pillgwenlly – 7,430 cases per 100,000 people
- Duffryn & Maesglas – 7,241 cases per 100,000 people
- Bettws – 7,297 cases per 100,000 people
- Ringland – 8,074 cases per 100,000 people
- Lawrence Hill – 6,022 cases per 100,000 people
- Malpas – 6,085 cases per 100,000 people
Coronavirus cases in these areas
Since the start of the pandemic, the top five areas with the highest number of cases in Newport are:
- Pillgwenlly & Docks
Ringland, Pillgwenlly & Docks and Bettws are all high on the overall deprivation list for Newport, and all have areas which appear in the top 10% of most deprived areas in Wales.
Between Ringland, Rogerstone, Pillgwenlly & Docks, Gaer and Bettws combined there are 23 LSOAs.
Of these, 10 are in the top 10% most deprived LSOAs in Wales.
A further 14 are in top 20%, and 16 are in the top 50% most deprived.
Ringland has four LSOAs, all of which are in the top 10% most deprived in Wales.
Pillgwenlly & Docks has four LSOAs, three of which are in the top 10% most deprived in Wales. All areas rank within the top 20% most deprived in Wales.
Bettws has six LSOAs, three of which are in the top 10% most deprived in Wales. Five of them are in 20% most deprived, and all six fall within 40% most deprived.
Conversely, however, the second worst hit area in Newport in terms of number of cases, Rogerstone, doesn’t have a single LSOA that ranks above average in terms of deprivation.
The remaining area, Gaer, is a mixed picture. It has four LSOAs, one of which ranks in the top 20% most deprived in Wales. By the time you count the top 50% most deprived areas in Wales, only two of Gaer’s four LSOAs feature.
In May the link between deprivation and death from coronavirus was made starkly clear in an analysis of people who have died with coronavirus.
The Office for National Statistics undertook a major study of the number of deaths from Covid-19 and the wealth or poverty of the areas where people lived.
It showed that the rate of deaths in the most deprived areas of Wales was significantly higher than in wealthier parts of the nation.
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